Sexual Abuse Statistics


 

Probability of Abuse

  • according to Hamilton's Sexual Assault Centre
    • 1 in 4 women will be sexually assaulted, with half of these assaults against a female younger than 16
    • 1 in 10 males will be sexually assaulted
  • according to "The Canadian Badgley Royal Commission, Report on Sexual Offences Against Children and Youths"
    • 1 in 3 girls and 1 in 6 boys experience unwanted sexual acts
    • 4 out of 5 incidents of sexual abuse will occur before the age of 18
    • 54% of girls under 21 and 31% of boys under 21 have experienced sexual abuse
  • according to the Statistics Canada report "Sexual Assault in Canada 2004 and 2007"
    • over half of the sexual asault victims reported to police in 2007 were children under the age of 18, with 25% of them being under the age of 12

Who and Where

  • according to the Statistics Canada report "Sexual Assault in Canada 2004 and 2007"
    • 55% of victims were assaulted by a friend or somebody they knew
    • 60% of the time, the victim is assaulted by somebody they trust or by somebody who has authority over them
  • according to the "Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile 2008" report
    • for every 100,000 youth, 334 were victims of physical or sexual violence by a friend or somebody they knew, 187 experienced violence by a family member, and 101 were victimized by a stranger
  • according to Hamilton's Sexual Assault Centre
    • 80% are assaulted at home
    • 49% are assaulted in broad daylight
  • according to "The Canadian Badgley Royal Commission, Report on Sexual Offences Against Children and Youths"
    • 95% of child sexual abuse victims know their perpetrator
  • according to "Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile 2007. Canadian Centre for Justice"
    • children under the age of 18 are at greatest risk of being sexually assaulted by someone they know

Who Do Victims Tell

  • according to the Statistics Canada report "Sexual Assault in Canada 2004 and 2007"
    • 91% were not reported to the police: 58% did not tell the police because they felt it was not important enough. Other reasons included: it was dealt with in another manner, they felt it was a personal matter, and they did not want to get involved with the police
    • many victims talked to others about their sexual assault (instead of the police)
      • 72% told friends
      • 41% told family
      • 33% told co-workers
      • 13% told doctors/nurses

Consequences of abuse

  • according to "Darkness to Light"
    • 70% of sexual abuse survivors report excessive drug and alcohol use
  • according to "Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry: Behavioural Sciences/Clinical Psychiatry, 2007"
    • 60% of women with panic disorders are victims of child sexual abuse
  • according to "Health Canada, Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse, Information from the National Clearinghouse on Family Violence, 1993"
    • 76% of prostitutes have a history of child sexual abuse
  • according to "C Cahill, S. Llewelyn & C. Pearons (1991). Longterm Effects of Sexual Abuse Which Occurred in Childhood: Review. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 30: 117-130"
    • child victims of sexual abuse display a range of symptoms:
      • low self-esteem
      • guilt
      • self blame
      • social withdrawal
      • marital and family problems
      • depression, somatic complaints
      • difficulties with sexuality
      • eroticized behaviour and irrational fears
  • according to "R.L. Palmer, D.A. Chaloner & R. Oppenheimer (1992). Childhood Sexual Expereiences with Adults Reported by Female Psychiatric Outpatients. British Journal of Psychiatry, 160:261-5"
    • long-term consequences of childhood sexual abuse include
      • anxiety
      • deliberate self-harm
      • depression
      • difficulties in interpersonal relationships
      • eating disorders
      • poor self-esteem
      • prostitution
      • sexual dysfunction
  • according to "D.M. Greenberg, J.M. Bradford and S. Curry, A comparison of sexual victimization in the childhoods of pedophiles and hebephiles, Journal of Forensic Sciences, 38(2) 1993, pg 434"
    • more than 40% of convicted child molesters were sexually abused as children and tended to choose victims close to the age at which they were first victimized

 

 

Last Updated August 17, 2013